Missing Persons: Four Tragedies and Roy Keane (Oberon Modern Plays)
Enrico Four. Premiered in this translation by the Citizens Theatre Company, Glasgow. In Enrico Four a man But is he?
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Nostalgia, romance, laughter and tears all feature in this comedy full of live music, songs Nostalgia, romance, laughter and tears all feature in this comedy full of live music, songs and dance from the war years. Mind Walking.
Moving, powerful, ethereal; Mind Walking is a celebration of the life of one extraordinary man, Moving, powerful, ethereal; Mind Walking is a celebration of the life of one extraordinary man, the enduring love story of a mature couple and their family. Bobby has led a remarkable life. Migrating from India as a young man he Five monologues in the voices of contemporary men, inspired See Cleese's first audition.
Hear the simpering paternalism of David Frost. Be touched by the Be touched by the religious furore over the 'Life of Brian'. Comprehend the true meaning of the coconuts in 'Monty Python and the Holy Grail'! Pythonesque premiered at the Edinburgh Reading Gaol. Roy Smiles: Ten Plays. His bitterly satirical Caprichos , 72 plates , Proverbios , 18 plates , Desastres de la Guerra c. Widely different in character are the 71 plates of the Liber Studiorum , one of the most remarkable works of J.
Turner In these etching merely provides the ground plan for the use of mezzotint, or, more rarely, aquatint. In the nineteenth century the revival inaugurated by Goya was carried on in France by several of the Barbizon group of landscape painters, notably by J.
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Millet , responsible for some simple but impressive plates. A more important figure as an etcher is Alphonse Legros , whose admirable portraits recall those of Van Dyck, though elsewhere he shows something of Goya's taste for the grotesque. Of the Impressionist painters, Camille Pissarro produced some very individual plates, marked by the use of broken lines and much rebiting, in the effort to secure atmospheric effect. Similarly, by means of open shading and absence of outline, Anders Zorn , the Swede, has aimed at reproducing the play of light round objects; but his portraits are his best work.
The chief figure in nineteenth-century etching, however, is J. Whistler , whose French Set , Thames Set , Venice Set , and Twenty-six Etchings show his delicate yet decisive handling, his economy of means, his feeling for design, and his power of securing luminosity and atmosphere.
Part of his success was due to insistence upon printing his own plates. His brother-in-law, Sir Francis Seymour Haden , the distinguished doctor, also took a prominent part in the revival of etching, and in his plates showed remarkable skill. The same accomplishment marks the work of William Strang, A. Stevenson and Thomas Hardy. The most notable living etchers are chiefly found in England, and include Sir Frank Short, famous also for his mezzotints; D. In France, Jean-Louis Forain has produced some remarkable work, notably series dealing with the life of Christ, and with Lourdes, which show his satiric power and a very distinctive technique.
See Engraving. For technical details, M. After their father's banishment from Thebes, Eteocles usurped the throne to the exclusion of his brother, an act which led to an expedition of Polynices and six others against Thebes. The two brothers fell by each other's hand.
See Antigone. By carrying with them moisture from the sea, they add greatly to the fertility of Egypt. Ethane , C 2 H 6 , a hydrocarbon belonging to the paraffin series. It is a colourless inflammable gas, and is found amongst the gaseous constituents of the Pennsylvanian oil-wells. He succeeded his father, Hermenric, and reduced all the English states, except Northumberland, to the condition of his dependents. Ethelbert married Bertha, the daughter of Caribert, King of Paris, and a Christian princess, an event which led indirectly to the introduction of Christianity into England by St.
Ethelbert was the first English king to draw up a code of laws.
Missing Persons: Four Tragedies and Roy Keane by Colin Teevan
Ethelbert , King of England, son of Ethelwulf, succeeded to the government of the eastern side of the kingdom in A. His reign was much disturbed by the inroads of the Danes. He died in The Danes became so formidable in his reign as to threaten the conquest of the whole kingdom. Ethelred died in consequence of a wound received in an action with the Danes in , and was succeeded by his brother Alfred.
In his reign began the practice of buying off the Danes by presents of money. After repeated payments of tribute, he effected, in , a massacre of the Danes; but this led to Sweyn gathering a large force together and carrying fire and sword through the country. They were again bribed to depart; but, upon a new invasion, Sweyn obliged the nobles to swear allegiance to him as King of England; while Ethelred, in , fled to Normandy.
On the death of Sweyn he was invited to resume the government, and died at London in the midst of his struggle with Canute His reign was in great measure occupied in repelling Danish incursions; but he is best remembered for his donation to the clergy, which is often quoted as the origin of the system of tithes. Alfred the Great was the youngest of his five children.
The locality is doubtful. Most thinkers believe that such a medium must be postulated if we are to explain the transmission of physical actions between bodies at a distance from one another. With the exception of ordinary mechanical pressures and tensions, the simplest examples of influences that can pass across space are sound and light.
Sound, we know, is carried by the air, a medium more subtle than solid or liquid bodies, but still easily recognizable by its effects on our senses, and by its mechanical, physical, and chemical properties. We know a good deal about air, and about the process that goes on when sound is passing through it. But the ether is incomparably more elusive than air. It affects the sense of sight, indeed, as the air affects the sense of hearing; but, so far as we know, it has no weight, no specific heat, no chemical affinity. Except that it is the medium which conveys light, electric and magnetic actions, and possibly gravitation, we know extremely little about it.
An extreme school of modern physicists is even inclined to deny, or at least to ignore, its existence altogether. Early speculators regarded the ether as a species of fluid, which could be displaced by ordinary matter, so that upholders of the wave theory of light necessarily thought of waves like those of sound, in which the direction of vibration is in the line of transmission, for no other kind of wave can occur in a fluid.
Young and Fresnel, however, insisted on the view that the movements of the medium are at right angles to the direction of propagation, and pointed out that this might be explained by supposing the medium to possess elasticity of shape. The obvious objection to the conception of a solid which permits the planets to move through it with apparently perfect freedom was met long afterwards by Stokes and Kelvin, who instanced such substances as shoemaker's wax and jelly, which are rigid enough to be capable of elastic vibration, and yet permit bodies to pass through them with more or less ease.
Fresnel's work called attention to the subject of the elasticity of bodies, and led to the discovery of the general equations of vibration of an elastic solid by Navier in Navier's equations, slightly generalized, were used by Cauchy with a certain amount of success to explain reflection, refraction, and the phenomena of crystal-optics.
In George Green published a variety of elastic solid theory which was a decided improvement on Cauchy's, but many difficulties remained, and it is now almost universally agreed that the vibrations of an ordinary elastic solid do not furnish an exact parallel to the vibrations which constitute light. One of the chief difficulties is that in an ordinary elastic solid two types of waves can occur, one distortional, with the displacement of a particle perpendicular to the direction of transmission, and the other dilatational, with the displacement along the line of transmission, as in sound.
Waves of light must be of the distortional kind, and the velocity of the other kind of wave may be quite different from the velocity of light. A kind of ether in which this difficulty of the longitudinal wave does not occur was imagined by Cauchy and afterwards discussed by Lord Kelvin, who called it the contractile, or labile, ether. This is an elastic body with negative compressibility, like homogeneous foam which is prevented from collapsing by attachment to the sides of a containing vessel.
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Another type of quasi-elastic solid was brought forward by James MacCullagh in MacCullagh's solid possesses what may be called elasticity of rotation, but offers no resistance to deformations in which elementary parts of the solid preserve their orientation. The equations of motion of this ether devised by MacCullagh are very similar to those obtained much later from a very different physical point of view by Clerk Maxwell.
Elastic solid theories, however, have fallen into the background before the advancing popularity of the electromagnetic theory of James Clerk Maxwell. Maxwell's equations of the electromagnetic field are deduced from easily demonstrable experimental facts, supplemented by the characteristic hypothesis that the electric current always travels in a closed circuit, even in cases where, as in the discharge of a condenser, the material circuit is open, so that the path of the current has to be completed through the ether.
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Other essential features of Maxwell's view are that electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic action is transmitted by means of stresses in a medium which possesses some sort of elasticity and inertia not exactly of an ordinary mechanical kind, and that the energy of all such action resides in the medium. Lorentz so as to take account of the atomic structure of electricity, are fundamental in modern electrodynamics and the electron theory of matter.
The form of Maxwell's equations shows that electromagnetic action can be propagated in waves with a definite velocity, which depends on the specific inductive capacity and the magnetic permeability of the medium.
Maxwell had no difficulty in showing from experimental data that the velocity given by his theory, which turns out to depend on the ratio of the electrostatic and electromagnetic units of charge, is identical with the known velocity of light. He concludes that waves of light are electric waves. The actual production of waves by electrical means was experimentally demonstrated by Sir Oliver Lodge, and more completely by Heinrich Hertz, and is now a commonplace of wireless telegraphy and telephony. The question of the nature of the mechanical process by which physical actions are carried on in the ether weighed heavily on Maxwell, as on other nineteenth-century physicists.
Mechanical models of many kinds have been devised to represent ethereal action. Were it sufficient for the purpose, certainly nothing could be simpler than the elastic solid model. Other models of much interest are the gyrostatic ether and the vortex sponge ether of Lord Kelvin, and the molecular vortex ether of Maxwell. It is recorded that the celebrated mathematician Gauss had made out a theory of electrodynamics, but always declined to publish it because he was unable to devise a mental picture of the physical action represented by his mathematics; and it was probably a similar reason that led Lord Kelvin to declare, so late as , that "the electromagnetic theory has not helped us hitherto".
Sir J. Thomson has developed a theory of moving tubes of electric force, which produce magnetic fields by their motion.